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Skincare Glossary Terms

Arbutin -  Hyperpigmentation, Dark Spots

An excellent tyrosinase inhibitor, to improve appearance of hyperpigmentation

 Aloe vera  -  Dry Skin, Sensitive Skin

Aloe vera is effective in treating a variety of skin conditions including flaky dry skin.  Helps softens the skin without clogging pores.   Aloe vera  contains powerful antioxidants that belong to a family of substances known as polyphenols. 

Antioxidants  -  Repair, Heals, Protects

To fight free radicals damage.  Antioxidants prevent and protect your cells against the effect of free radical damage.

Butylene Glycol  -  

Skin care products use butylene glycol  as a humectant.  It has the ability to take moisture from the air and retain it, preventing the product from drying out, making the formulation more resistant to high humidity. 

Coco Glucoside  -  Cleansing   

A sulfate-free surfactant foaming cleansing agent  derived from natural ingredients such as coconut oil and sugar.

Desquamation

The shedding of the  cornecytes.    The final layer of cell of the Stratum Corneum, called keratinocytes.  When these cells become cornified, they are called cornecytes.   The process of shedding cornecytes is call desquamation

Glycation  -  Aging

Glycation is a process in which sugar and protein molecules combine to form very harmful molecules.  The sugar-protein molecules are called Advanced Glycation End Products or AGEs.    When AGEs attach to elastin and collagen fibers, they can no longer contract, and this causes skin to become thin and saggy.      

Growth Factors  -  Heals, Repair

Plays a role in cell division, new cell and blood vessels development.  Also, collagen and elastin production.  Helps skin tissue healing and growth. 

Humectants 

Substances that promote retention of moisture.  They attracts water outward to the stratum corneum from the dermis.

Niacinamide 

B vitamin that offers multiple topical benefits. It’s an exceptional occlusive because it doesn’t just sit on the surface, it helps stimulate the production of the skin’s natural lipids.  Niacinamide is also an anti-inflammatory antioxidant agent. 

Occlusive 

Ingredient keeps skin hydrated by locking in moisture. 

Milk Protein - Hydrating, Soothing

Milk Protein contains a high content of vitamin D and other important minerals.    Milk Protein is one of the most nutrient rich protein  due to its complete amino acid content.  Milk Protein nourishes, soothes and heals irritated skin .   Hydrates dry skin to lock in moisture. 

Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil  -  Heal, Repair, Fatty Acid

Olive oil is beneficial for dry skin because of its fatty acid content.   Olive oil contains essential fatty acids dry skin needs, including oleic, palmitic, and linoleic acids. It also contains phenolic compounds that provide antioxidant benefit.   Linoleic acid is a component of olive oil, it prevents water from evaporating,.  Oleic acid is actually found in our human sebum.   Palmitic Acid is saturated fatty acids  in body lipids.   Palmitic acid levels can decrease by as much as 56% in aging skin.

Peptides 

Peptides are short chains of amino acids (protein).    Peptides actives can reduce wrinkles, help repair skin cells,  stimulate collagen production, improve skin tone and elasticity. 

Retinol    

The various molecules derived from vitamin A, which itself is also known as retinol.  Retinol converts to retinaldehyde and then to retinoic acid.   Retinoic acid effects cellular processes in both the epidermis and dermis.

Topical retinoids and retinols lead to visible improvement in fine wrinkling, smoothness, and hyperpigmentation of photodamaged skin.  A prescription is not needed.  

Squalane 

Squalene occurs naturally in the human sebum.  Your skin’s sebum provides a normal lubricant.  It keeps your skin supple and forms a protective bacterial and fungicidal coating on the skin.  This oil, which occurs naturally in the body, is also found in olive oil, know as Squalane.     As a natural moisturizer squalane helps restore balance to the skin’s depleted oils. Several studies over the years has shown how that squalane not only hydrates and softens the skin, but may also be an effective anti-aging ingredient.   No known side effects that come from using squalane

Soy

Soybeans are a rich source of isoflavones, which function as phytoestrogens (a group of chemicals found in plants that can act like the hormone estrogen). Topical estrogens have been found to increase skin thickness and promote collagen production.

Soy is primarily used in aging skin treatments that are geared towards stimulating elastin and collagen synthesis, reducing fine lines, wrinkles and UV induced photo-damage. Soy isoflavones have also been used in treatment for hyperpigmentation disorders as they prevent melanin from adhering to skin cells, therefore helping with blotchiness and discoloration.

Sunscreen  -  When properly applied helps prevent UV-induced skin damage.

Tazarotene  -  Vitamin A derivative,  a doctor prescription is needed 

Tretinoin    -  Retin A, vitamin A derivative, a doctor prescription is needed

Vitamin A (Retinol)  - It is essential for healing and collagen production.  Helps stop collagen degradation.

 Vitamin C  

Vitamin C increases collagen production in young skin as well as aged skin. 

Vitamin E 

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble anti-inflammatory antioxidant  that is essential for the maintenance of healthy skin.    It helps keep skin supple and hydrated.  A natural humectant.    Vitamin E  works to block and trapped UV induced free radicals.